Monday, May 25, 2020
I. Introduction At the apex of stock market, much importance and approach was given to corporate governance in 1990. Companies tend to overlook corporate governance in a market where the economy is progressing. However, the significance of good governance becomes clearer when the market collapses. Companies having efficient board of directors can start to flourish during difficult times. The stock exchange is the icon of free market where prices are determined solely by of supply and demand and transactions are carried out on arms-length basis. But as the scandal shows, market performance is only as good as the quality of institutions within and outside the market. In this case, the interaction of anachronistic market institutions andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Areas of Consideration Possible Causes * Greedy attempt to give legal control of gambling funds to a favored gambling friend. * ManagementÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to project a false picture of performance with the aim of driving up the value of the corporation in a competitive global market. * Perpetrated for the benefit of Estrada and members of his family, combined elements of political corruption and financial fraud or market manipulation. * Poor regulatory framework that governs the market. IV. Alternative Courses of Action * Efficient regulation and monitoring of PSE and SEC * Thorough investigation by the government without regular time interval * Transparent presentation of financial status of publicly listed companies * Neglect the problem IV. Decision/Recommendation/Best Solution The best solution to the problem would be for the government to set tighter rules and regulations regarding the monitoring of PSE and SEC. Corporate governance is needed to make corporate managements more accountable, and their auditors more accurate. V. Implementation The Philippine SEC, as a principal player in matters of corporate governance should effectively implement the Code of Corporate Governance, under resolution no. 135 dated April 4, 2002. The code is now effective and must be followed under pain of penalty. The Code aims toShow MoreRelatedGarnier Fructis Case Study2804 Words Ã |Ã 12 Pagesaffordably priced products create the Ã¢â¬Å"UnexpectedÃ¢â¬ in its tag line. So in order to spread its message of Ã¢â¬Å"Expect the UnexpectedÃ¢â¬ , Garnier FructisÃ¢â¬â¢ promotion mix utilizes both personal and non-personal communication tools. This is the subject of this paper. Promotion Mix Garnier FructisÃ¢â¬â¢ promotion mix can be divided into four different parts. It is comprised of the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. Advertising Sales Promotion Public Relations Viral Marketing Advertising Media Garnier started out less than a decadeRead MoreAdidas Sustainable Development Strategy5682 Words Ã |Ã 23 Pagesindustries, we, first, need to get the whole picture of the situation. The global textile industry is getting through a struggling time for the global economy due to crisis. This situation increases the price volatility of raw materials and energy resources. We can also add-up to this trend, the rising labor cost that contributes to amplify the negative effects on the industry. This uncertainty in the marketplace leads to lack of projection for years to come. At a worldwide stage, the textile marketRead MoreProject management approaches for dynamic environments Essay7304 Words Ã |Ã 30 PagesAbstract This paper investigates the properties of projects conducted in rapidly changing environments. These projects are challenged by the rapid introduction of new unknowns as they progress. One might say they are more akin to stacking worms than stacking bricks. The diÃ¯ ¬Æ'culties posed by these projects are identiÃ¯ ¬ ed and the literature is reviewed for suitable approaches. Ãâ 2008 Elsevier Ltd and IPMA. All rights reserved. Keywords: Project management; Dynamic 1. Introduction This paper sets outRead MoreSupply Chain Management12177 Words Ã |Ã 49 Pagesmanufacturer was losing business to replicators that could produce low-quality knockoff versions in just three weeks. Donovan and his colleagues analyzed the manufacturer s entire supply chain, from order entry and raw-materials supply all the way to final delivery. They found problems at every step of the way: Handwritten orders were being rekeyed into the materials-planning system on weekends, which meant that some orders were sitting around unprocessed for an entire week. On Monday mornings, productionRead MoreDissertation Proposal on Managing Diversity of Workforce18916 Words Ã |Ã 76 Pagesevolve to satisfy those diverse values, attitudes and behaviors. (Harris, Moran Moran, 2004) The organization that fails to address these issues will be the organization that faces human resource issues of critical import. The culture of the organization must experience rapid and substantial change if the human resource challenges are to be negotiated successfully and specifically demonstrated in employee retention, recruitment, development, and motivation. The organization that intends to remain competitiveRead MorePrinciples of Management: MCQ31501 Words Ã |Ã 127 Pagesmanagement. (True; moderate; p. 33) QUANTITATIVE APPROACH 19. The quantitative approach to management has also been labeled process research. (False; moderate; p. 34) 20. Linear programming is a technique that managers use to improve resource allocation decisions. (True; moderate; p. 35) TOWARD UNDERSTANDING ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR 21. Concern for employee productivity is most closely associated with the organizational behavior approach. (False; moderate; p. 36) 22. BarnardRead MoreWalgreens Marketing Plan10648 Words Ã |Ã 43 Pagesitems, such as toys, greeting cards, and school supplies. The competitive prices, countless discount opportunities, and friendly employees keep customers loyal to Walgreens even if they are not making frequent visits to the pharmacy department. This paper seeks to analyze the different components of the drug store industry and the aspects of the marketing strategy of the Walgreens Company that have kept it a strong competitor for so many years. Market Situation/External Analysis Current IndustryRead MoreManaging Information Technology (7th Edition)239873 Words Ã |Ã 960 Pagespermission, in this textbook appear on appropriate page within the text. MicrosoftÃ ® and WindowsÃ ® are registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation in the U.S.A. and other countries. Screen shots and icons reprinted with permission from the Microsoft Corporation. This book is not sponsored or endorsed by or affiliated with the Microsoft Corporation. Copyright Ã ©2012, 2009, 2005, 2002, 1999 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New JerseyRead MoreI Love Reading Essay69689 Words Ã |Ã 279 PagesEarly Stage Finance Education, Innovation and Entrepreneurship Business Environment for Entrepreneurship Conclusion: Encouraging Entrepreneurship List of Stakeholders and Details of Entrepreneurs Surveyed Entrepreneurship ProÃ¯ ¬ les Methodology List of Resources Glossary vii viii 1 9 21 29 49 71 89 97 105 163 165 169 Annexure II : Annexure III : Annexure IV : Annexure V : Table of Contents iii List of Figures Figure 1.1 : Figure 1.2 : Figure 2.1 : Figure 2.2 : Figure 2.3 : Figure 2.4 : FigureRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 Pagesa German company. Eurotunnel Ã¢â¬â clash of cultures threatens to derail AngloÃ¢â¬âFrench rail link. Ryanair Ã¢â¬â competitive challenge and strategic choice in the budget airline industry. IKEA Ã¢â¬â quality and low prices at the Swedish furniture giant News Corporation Ã¢â¬â corporate logic and corporate management in a worldwide media business. CRH Ã¢â¬â impressive international growth of an Irish company driven from a Ã¢â¬ËleanÃ¢â¬â¢ corporate centre. Numico Ã¢â¬â difficulties with diversification for a Dutch nutritional products
Thursday, May 14, 2020
DATE: 17th JanÃ¢â¬â¢2015 Marketing And Consumer Behaviour Ã¢â¬Å"Compaq Computer : Focus GroupsÃ¢â¬ Dilema : Whether to Launch New Note book Group-2 Aditya Singh 14MBAGES003 Anuj Kumar Jain 14MBAGES006 Ashish Bhargawa 14MBAGES008 Deepak Sharma 14MBAGES012 Pankaj Naithani 14MBAGES018 Ramesh Kumar Koul 14MBAGES024 1.) Summary of the case * Compaq Computer is in business of designing and selling notebooks. * Consumer division market share is only 3% compared to market leader share of 60%. * Company expertise is in commercial division so company is less focussed on retailerÃ¢â¬â¢s relationship. * Company is launching a new product Ã¢â¬ËSharkÃ¢â¬â¢ for consumer division in late summer 1996. * With expertise of engineersÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Decision maker, Greg Memo, has to decide how he can incorporate the respondentÃ¢â¬â¢s feedback in the ordered 40,000 machines, naming Ã¢â¬ËSharkÃ¢â¬â¢. 3.) Criteria Selection criteria is based on RAM, Pointing device, Modem, CD-ROM amp; Sound, as detailed below Important Product features | Component | Preferences | Processors | All the presented models are faster than those respondents currently use. So insignificant. | RAM | Respondents are sensitive to the amount of RAM preinstalled. (Preference 16 MB) | Keyboard | Key size, not just keyboard size, affected the ease in typing. | Pointing device | Strong preference, track pad was seen as newer technology. | Modems | Integrated modem was preference while bundling preconfigured PC card with the notebook was also viewed as acceptable solution. | CD-ROM | Functionally important, as new software and multimedia titles are being distributed on CD-ROM only. | Screen clarity | Larger respondents found Passive screen sufficient, while some respondents were willing to pay extra for active screen. | Simplicity amp; Integration | Many respondents valued integration as they want a simple amp; easy way to mov e their PCs around without having to carry additional pieces. | Sound | Sound feature was more appreciated by college students. | Criteria of selection by different users are as per the Exhibit 2. 4.) Options of alternative The options available with Mr. Greg based on product interest (ExhibitShow MoreRelatedHp - Carly Fiorina Leadership1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFiorina: Is she Helping or Hurting HP? 1 table of contents 2 Abstract 3 Introduction 3 Leadership 5 disruptive innovation 6 The HP Ã¢â¬â Compaq Merger 7 Recommendations 8 Conclusion 9 References 10 Abstract This paper will show how one CEO took her own leadership style and completely transformed a company. Carly FiorinaÃ¢â¬â¢s strategies for the success of computer giant, Hewlett Packard, has faced much criticism. Organizational change, specifically to the management of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s corporate cultureRead MoreMatching Dell1226 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHow and why did the personal computer industry come to have such low average profitability? The PC industry has started to develop fast in the 80 s when IBM launched its first PC series and later on when numerous small companies entered the market. PC is a new product and companies had to create the demand to it from the scratch. We shall apply the Porter s 5 Forces model to examine the PC market and see how forces of competition influence the profitability of the market players. (See AppendixRead MoreHp and Compaq Merger3801 Words Ã |Ã 16 Pagesalso caters to enterprises and office supply retailers. The late 90Ã¢â¬â¢s brought innovation but low sales growth, as HP faced troubles in keeping up with the changing market. It was at the point where Carly Fiorina was appointed as the new CEO. The focus then became on customer and internet sales. Carly revamped organizational structure. This led to a revenue growth however, share prices still declined and HP faced recession in 2001, which led to pay cuts and layoffs. Stock prices continues to soarRead MoreMatching Dell Essay4887 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesCompetitive Issues 11 Introduction The Matching Dell Business case by (Rivkin.J Porter, M) defines the personal computer industry and outlines its history and development, with focus on Dell Computers. This paper will analyze the case study by means of the Strategic Situation Analysis and Planning Method (SSAP), by portraying and comparing Dell with its main competitors, namely: IBM, Compaq, Hewllet-Packard and Gateway. Approaching the strategic situation from SSAP methodÃ¢â¬â¢s step number one, FinancialRead MoreSwot1246 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescustomers, including data storage, servers and solutions to business customers as well as a consulting services segment that offers information technology integration solutions for a range of technology issues. After its merger with Compaq, it became the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s biggest computer hardware company, ranking number 20 in the Fortune 500 list. HP is doing business in more than 170 developed and under-developed countries. Being a large company gives HP many advantages such as dominating the market for printersRead MoreHewlett Packard Computers-Marketing Case Study1307 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesPrinting Group (IPG) 1. Products: Printers and inks 2. Revenue: 30% of total 2. Personal Systems Group (PSG) 1. Products: Desktop PCs, notebooks, servers, flat-screen TVs 2. Revenue: 29% of total 3. Technology Solutions Group (TSG) Read MoreHp Company Swot Analysis1075 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHewlett-Packard SWOT Analysis Strengths Hewlett-Packard is a global technology company and after its merger with Compaq it became world s biggest computer hardware and peripherals company in the world, ranking 20 in the Fortune 500 list. Company is doing business in more then 170 countries including the ones that are developing and under-developed. Being a large company gives HP many advantages like dominating the market for printers, both laser and inkjet, and both for consumersRead MoreChannel of Distribution Analysis of Dell HP.3014 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesstudy of the computer industry. The first section of the case study explores Dells use of direct channels and Compaqs use of indirect channels in Canada. We will see how Dell uses the direct model to easily allow the customization of computers for consumers, and how the direct model allows Dell to operate with very little inventory through the use of a just-in-time inventory system. Compaq uses indirect channels to utilize the ability of its wholesalers to efficiently move its computers from its manufacturingRead MoreStrategic Plan of Hp1092 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAnalysis and Strategic Plan of Hewlett-Packard Hewlett-PackardÃ¢â¬â¢s operations are organized into seven segments: Services, Enterprise Storage and Servers (ESS), HP Software, the Personal Systems Group (PSG), the Imaging and Printing Group (IPG), HP Financial Services (HPFS), and Corporate Investments. Services, ESS and HP Software are reported collectively as a broader HP Enterprise Business. In April 2010, the Company completed its acquisition of 3Com Corporation. In July 2010, the Company completedRead MoreDells Failure in Retail Distribution2261 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThis rapid success of the Dell Computer Corporation has interested business analysts the world over. The paper from the Harvard Business School is an analysis of the meteoric rise of this company until 1994. It delves into the factors that made the company a success and the kind of strategic decisions that the management of the company needed to make at various junctures. One such strategic decision that the management made was to shift from its existing Dir ect Ãâ" Made to Order business model to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
TEST 1 Correct Response Indicate whether each of the items listed below would be included (A) in or excluded (B) from gross income for the 2012 tax year. 1. Alimony | | 2. Lottery winnings | | 3. Life insurance proceeds received upon the death of a family member | | 4. Child support payments | | 5. Reimbursement of hospital expenses from a health insurance plan | | 6. Municipal bond interest | | 7. Unemployment compensation | | 8. Scholarships for tuition and books | | 9. Wages | | 10. Farm income | | 11. Inheritances | | Which of the following amounts must be included in the gross income of the recipient? a. Welfare payments | | | b. Royalties | | | c. Child support payments | | | d. Gifts |Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦a. True | | b. False | | | Interest income received by a cash basis taxpayer is generally reported in the tax year it is received. a. True | | b. False | | | Interest on U.S. Treasury Bonds is not taxable. a. True | | b. False | | | Taxpayers must report interest income on Series EE savings bonds as the interest accrues. a. True | | b. False | | | A gift received for opening a bank account is not taxable income to the recipient. a. True | | b. False | | | Child support payments are deductible by the spouse making the payments. a. True | | b. False | | | If a divorce agreement executed in 2012 specifies that a portion of the amount of an alimony payment is contingent upon the status of a child, that portion is considered to be a child support payment. a. True | | b. False | | | Correct Response eBook Problem 2-9 Alimony (LO 2.3) Arlen is required by his divorce agreement to pay alimony of $2,000 a month and child support of $2,000 a month to his ex-wife Jane. What is the tax treatment of these two payments for Arlen and Jane? Arlen is entitled to a deduction for . Jane includes in her income . Answers: only the alimony payments; only the alimony payments. Alimony payments are deductible by the individual making the payments, and they are taxable income to the person receiving the payments. For divorce agreements executed after 1984, alimony payments must meet the following requirements: 1. The paymentsShow MoreRelatedTax On Gross Transportation Income Essay955 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesToday, Section 883, Exclusions from Gross Income, is still the life rath that cruise companies cling to save and protect their income from standard U.S. taxation. Since its inception, (a)(1) Ships Operated by certain foreign corporations. Gross income derived by a corporation organized in a foreign country from the international operation of a ship or ships if such foreign country grants an equivalent exemption to corporations organized in the United States. Since, Section 883 ultimately providesRead MoreWeek Seven Paper Work Ac555729 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages(AC553) Solution: (A) ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME: This is a measure of income and it used to establish eligibility for financial benefits. It is calculated as gross income from taxable sources minus allowable deductions. Adjusted gross income is important to individual income taxation because it controls individual qualification for numerous deductions and credits. Besides, it can affect individual eligibility for retirement plans. (B) How does ADJUSTED GROSS INCOME AFFECT: (1) Medical DeductionRead MoreFederal Income Tax Research Case1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesApril of 2015, Elizabeth filed a joint tax return with her husband Gary. Both spouses are 67 years old and have no dependents. After filing their tax return, Elizabeth realized that Gary has 500,000 of embezzled funds in a bank account that she was unaware of. Although the embezzled funds earned $25,000 of interest, they were not reported on the coupleÃ¢â¬â¢s 2014 tax return. The following income and deductions were reported on the tax return. Gross Income $295,000 Deductions for AGI $8,500 Read MorePhilippines Income Tax Rates1240 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPhilippines Income Tax Rates Income of residents in Philippines is taxed progressively up toÃ 32%. Philippines Income Tax Rate 32% Philippines Corporate Tax Rate 30% Philippines Sales Tax / VAT Rate 12% Taxable IncomeÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Tax Rate PhP 0 - PhP 10,000:Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã -Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 5% PhP 10,000 - PhP 30,000:Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã PhP 500Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 10% PhP 30,000 - PhP 70,000:Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Read MoreBusiness/Tax Research Assignment1067 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesBUSINESS/TAX RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT 1. For the Tax year 2004, is SK eligible to switch from the accrual to cash method of accounting under Rev. Proc. 2001-10? This revenue procedure applies to taxpayer with average annual gross receipts of $1,000,000 or less. Since SK s average annual gross receipt is greater than 1,000,000 for 2004 therefore SK is not eligible to switch from the accrual to cash method of accounting. ( Rev. Proc. 2001-10,2001-1 CB 272) 2. For the tax year 2004, is SK eligibleRead MoreQuestions On The Unrelated Business Income Tax922 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestopic. 1. What is the purpose of the Unrelated Business Income Tax? What factors would cause income that would otherwise qualify as unrelated business income to not be taxed? How is the Unrelated Business Income Tax computed? 2 pts Unrelated business income tax is defined in 26 U.S. Code Section 512 of the Internal Revenue Code as: Ã¢â¬Å"Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the term Ã¢â¬Å"unrelated business taxable incomeÃ¢â¬ means the gross income derived by any organization from any unrelated tradeRead MoreFinancial Accounting Uses The Accrual Concept1470 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand tax treatments of different transactions may therefore result in an entityÃ¢â¬â¢s profit/loss before taxation for a period (or year of assessment) being different from the entityÃ¢â¬â¢s taxable income/loss for that period (or year of assessment). Transnet is a South African resident company as it was incorporated in the Republic of South Africa (page 159 of the Transnet Annual Financial Statements 2015 Volume 2) and will therefore be taxed on its world-wide income. For an amount to constitute gross incomeRead MoreRevere Case684 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesInterest Potential Gross Income $91,200 Less: Allowance for Vacancy @ 5% 4,560 Effective Gross Income $86,640 Less: Operating Expenses Total $25,194 Real Estate Taxes 7,800 Utilities 4,330 Insurance Fee 2,600 Maintenance Fee 1,800 Management Fee @ 5% 4,332 Repairs @ 5% 4,332 Net Operating Income $61,446 Less: Annual Debt Service 45,900 BTCF from Operations $15,546 Less: Income Tax 3,003.89 ATCF fromRead MoreGross Income Implications For The Individual Who Accepted The Bribe1089 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGross Income implications for the individual who accepted the bribe: The definition of gross income per section 1 of the Income Tax Act for any resident is: Ã¢â¬ ¢ the total amount Ã¢â¬ ¢ in cash or otherwise Ã¢â¬ ¢ received by, or accrued to, or in favour of such resident Ã¢â¬ ¢ during such year or period of assessment Ã¢â¬ ¢ excluding receipts and accruals of a capital nature The bribe of R300 000 meets all the aforementioned requirements of the gross income definition except for whether or not the amount has been Ã¢â¬ËreceivedRead MoreGovernment Budget1521 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesExpenditure Item Transfer payments Social Security Medicare Law enforcement Education Infrastructural and facilities development and maintenance Revenue Item 1 Payroll Taxes Income Tax Property Taxes Revenue Item 2 Income Taxes Transfers Transfers Revenue Item 3 Corporate Taxes Sales and gross Taxes Sales and gross Taxes The Federal revenue sources enumerated above are just some of the means through the US Government makes money. Payroll taxes are federal or state taxes that are withheld
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Natural Environment and Chinese Painting Essay Why does Embank doesnt have any fixed tonality was instrumental accompanied? >> Because it is similar to a chant, it has no fixed tonality nor instrumental accompaniment, 5. Who are the usually singer of the Embank? Are the children allow to sing too? Men and women who are of the right age usually sings the Embank. Children are not allowed because it a Mangy found a beautiful embank, he/ she makes a copy of it by inscribing it on a piece of bamboo. 6. Why do the Mangy have musical instrument if they dont accompany it in their chant song? Is there any difference if the Mangy accompany Embank tit musical instrument? Ritual chanting can be accompanied by musical instruments while a lullaby can be sung without any instrument. Yes because it will defeat its characteristics of being capable and non tonal. ART 1. How can we classify the Chinese Painting? >> Chinese paintings were ornamental, not representational, consisted Of patterns or designs and not pictures. 2. Is there any difference between Chinese Painting and Other Asian Painting? There are differences because the Chinese uses its own brush strokes similar to those used in calligraphy and color wash techniques. Flower painting combined with the Chinese tradition of painting birds and animals. 3. What do the Chinese Painting Express? More than representation of a form, Chinese painting seeks to express the heart, the internal movement tooth beings. It is made up tot one or more poems, calligraphy, a painted image and the seal of the artist. 4. Does painting also evolve as time goes by? How is that possible? Yes. The artists represent the world around them. Its roots take source in an original way of thinking much older which stresses the unity of the man and cosmos and he uninterrupted dynamism of this universe. . What is the difference of waltz to the other Ballroom dance? Waltz is a smooth progressive dance traveling around the line o dance. It is characterized by long, flowing movements, with continuous turns, rise and fall which differentiate the waltz from Other ballroom dances. 2. Is rhythm important in dancing? How is the rhythm in dancing differ from the rhythm in singing? Yes. It is different because in dancing, rhythm is sweet, melodic and fluid. It is often orchestral or instrumental music while in singing it s more on vocal music. 3. How important is the Basic Dance Step in the actual dance? This is important because it is the stepping stone to actual dancing, If one perfects the basic dance step, then he/she will possibly become a good dancer. 4. Is the history of the dance important for the whole presentation?
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Systems Implementation Essay, Research Paper SYSTEMS PROJECT PROPOSAL Background Large Wheel Auto Insurance Company provides car insurance coverage for accredited drivers in the province of Indiana. The company? s headquarter is located in the metropolis of Speedway where it has two strategic concern units located at the metropoliss of Waterloo and Corydon. In all, BWAIC employs about 150 people with internal sections dwelling of the Policy, Claims, Payroll, Personnel, and Insurance Agents. Presently, BWAIC insures 50,000 policyholders statewide. Last twelvemonth, BWAIC? s net net income was $ 875,000. With certain province ordinances, along with related socioeconomic impacts, the company expects an addition of new policies to subvention. Consequently, BWAIC is interested in positioning itself in the market where: 1 ) Internal exchange of information is efficient, 2 ) It improves its Customer Service, 3 ) Share information with external concern contacts. PROJECT OBJECTIVE To excite a vision within the company of taking the market in client service through an efficient information system and to use the most current engineerings at lowest possible cost. We will write a custom essay sample on Systems Implementation Essay Research Paper SYSTEMS PROJECT or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page EXPECTED BENEFITS Internal: An improved information procedure where concern applications provide intelligent solutions, secured informations, and improved communicating exchange between units and offices. External: To supply an advantage over the market where the interactions between the company and its external concern environment produces client satisfaction. Consequently, this will hold a positive impact on client service where efficiency on the point of contact, through the life-time of the policy, is apparent. SYSTEMS PROFILE Presently, BWAIC? s web apparatus doesn? T provide an efficient exchange of information between its cardinal sections. Each section utilizes their ain concern dealing system within a mainframe environment. This input-output procedure performs the processing of their concern minutess. The sections: Policy, Claims, Personnel, Payroll, Legal and Insurance Agents, have changing application demands. Likewise, they portion a common involvement? to accomplish the best client service possible. The Policy section has users that perform the administrative and proficient type of work as it relates to subventioning insurance policies. The Claims section has users that perform computations for the militias of claims. They review the possible liability costs involve in clients? claims. The Legal section relies to a great extent on an efficient exchange of information. The Personnel, Policy and Legal are information oriented sections. Claims and Payroll, on the other manus, relies to a great extent on accurate computations of financial informations. It is reported that the current databank is making its capacity. The current system is besides suppressing their client service where the turnaround to treat a claim takes about 90 yearss. The strategic locations of the Business units besides contribute to the jobs of the current system. The mainframe system negatively impacts the company? s ability to make out to their clients. The Insurance Agents are limited to the office in footings of treating new clients. Under the mainframe system, the construction of the database is dearly-won to keep and support. Besides, it limits the company? s ability to intelligently treat their information and interchange them with their external concern environment. RECOMMENDED SOLUTIONS There are a assortment of systems available in today? s market. Costss will depend on the company? s desire on long-run solutions. In today? s information environment BWAIC needs to place itself to vie with other insurance houses with an advantage of holding the best technological tools. An efficient system will bring forth satisfied clients and intelligent employees. This alteration in information civilization will let the company to use their resources more expeditiously where public presentation studies and external informations help the directors make intelligent concern determinations. It is without reserves that I recommend the undermentioned solutions for the BWAIC: Network Planning of the anchor and the web foundation is critical to the success of this undertaking. It is recommended that a Client/Server web is implemented through a TCP/IP protocol. Each offices will run as Local Area Network ( LAN ) connected together as a Wide Area Network ( WAN ) . Each office and users will hold the ability to interchange information outright. This constellation will bring forth the best and secured environment for which powerful machines ( Server ) green goods and treat the information to the users ( Client ) of the information. The anchor ( Bandwidth ) have to back up the type of informations that will go between the offices and through the clients. Each section will use their ain groupware that will treat their information. This information system will be accessible via distant entree to let mobility and flexibleness for directors to strategically place their resources and staff. To supplement this, it is recommended that an Intranet is put in topographic point so as to let information to external concern contacts and clients via Extranet. The Intranet solution will besides be the method that will enable E-Commerce activity and derive a market advantage Conversion of the database to a Relational Database Management System is besides critical. The current database can non be shared with external information users. Likewise, it does non bring forth the type of information that produces intelligent studies for direction. The bing informations will necessitate to be converted to an SQL linguistic communication so that it can be processed and controlled by an Oracle Server. This transition will place the company to be supported for future technological growing and will hold the ability to command the awaited addition of informations. Given the construction of BWAIC, it is recommended that the headquarter maintains and administrate a cardinal database. This will supply security and the least possible cost. Client Side Information Processing Since each section has different concern demands, it is critical that an extended survey be conducted as to how, what, when, where and why they will treat the information. Preliminary survey is as follows: Policy? This section will necessitate a groupware that gives them entree to their policy database. This application will be web-enabled to let Mobile and rapid entree. Claims and Payroll? These sections will necessitate a groupware that will give them the ability to do computations and have the control of stock list. The Claims section will use a web-enabled application that interfaces with the Policy information as to the position of policyholders. Payroll, on the other manus, will hold an application for their internal computation demands every bit good as supply a # 8220 ; limited # 8221 ; version to frontline supervisors for accurate coverage. Insurance Agents? This section will hold the most nomadic demands. The will hold entree to Policy and underwriting information at their fingertips. Their web-based application will interface with the Internet signifiers that are produced as clients are solicited. Legal? This section will derive an advantage over other houses by holding complete information. The trickle consequence of information efficiency throughout BWAIC will ensue in assurance on Claims adjustors and high degree directors. Survey An extended survey of the followers will be performed in able to bring forth a smooth passage to the new environment: I. The anchor of the current system to place the size and cost-benefit of the proposed program II. Each departmental demands and the behaviour of which they process information III. The users as to how sophisticated their computing machine cognition to place the preparation demands and to measure how they will accommodate to the alteration ( impacts on the rollout ) IV. The resources of the company V. Identify and compare with a company with a similar construction and research the success and the feasibleness the proposed system VI. Develop a systems support program and develop a concern catastrophe program to retrieve the company should a calamity of loss informations occur VII. Analyze the complete cost-benefit of the undertaking and explicate a proposal program to the President This is to advise you with the 2nd stage of the Systems Re-Engineering Project which you have hired my services to execute an analysis on. This stage involves the study and the planning of the relational database direction system for your company which was articulated in my undertaking proposal. As mentioned, I extremely recommend re-structuring your bing current informations theoretical account, which does non bring forth efficient usage of the systems. This survey of informations mold is critical to the success of the overall undertaking. Afterall, the chief plus of your company is its informations. Attached, please happen the followers: 1 ) Entities/Legend 2 ) Context Data Model 3 ) Relational Data Diagram 4 ) Narrative Please make non waver to reach me to set up a meeting sing this stage or on any concerns you might hold. Sincerely, Undertaking Lead Relational Data Diagram Context Data Model 1. Agents # 8211 ; An agent is assigned to many policies. This representative maintains the control of the policies and consequently, the policies these agents underwrite is straight assigned to the authorship agent. 2. Claims # 8211 ; A peculiar claim is related to two cases in this theoretical account # 8211 ; Estimate and Policy Holder. Under one claim, there can be multiple estimations as to a peculiar claim. It is besides the criterion that an estimation is incurred when a claim is filed, therefore doing the Estimate a dependent entity. As to the Policy Holder, a claim is dependent where it does non come to a fruition without holding a policy holder registering it. 3. Estimate # 8211 ; This type of information is straight related to the activity of a claim. There is at least one estimation recordable to do a claim valid. 4. Invoice # 8211 ; This type of information has a one to one relationship with a Policy. Likewise, a policy can non hold duplicative bill and vice-versa. 5. Policy # 8211 ; This information is cardinal to the other entities. All of other entities are invalid without a Policy. Likewise, an invalid Policy digital audiotape a will straight incur an invalid information for all associating entities. 6. Policy Holder # 8211 ; A Policy Holder has relational informations with the Claims and Vehicle entities. This entity? s one to many relationship initiates most of the information activties. This entity can besides be considered as the cardinal entity. 7. Vehicle # 8211 ; A vehicle has a one to one relationship with a policy. A vehicle can non hold multiple policies. Likewise, it? s possible for policy holder to hold zero to many vehicle under it? s policy. Entities/Legend This explains the Entities in a information theoretical account and it? s related informations. 1. Agents a ) Name B ) Number degree Celsiuss ) Office Address vitamin D ) Office City vitamin E ) Office State degree Fahrenheit ) Office Zip Code g ) Office Phone Number 2. Claim a ) Sum B ) Date degree Celsius ) Description vitamin D ) Number vitamin E ) Payment Sum degree Fahrenheit ) Payment Date g ) Payment Explanation H ) Rejection ground I ) Status J ) Coverage Sum K ) Coverage Code cubic decimeter ) Coverage Description m ) Date of Accident N ) Date of Policy Cancellation O ) Description of Accident P ) Driver Street Address Q ) Driver City R ) Driver State s ) Driver Zip Code T ) Driver License Number U ) Driver Name V ) Driver Phone Number 3. Estimate a ) Estimate Sum B ) Estimate Company Name degree Celsius ) Estimate Description 4. Bill a ) Invoice Amount B ) Invoice Amount Due degree Celsius ) Invoice Date vitamin D ) Invoice Date Due vitamin E ) Invoice Number degree Fahrenheit ) Payment Sum g ) Payment Date H ) Topographic point of Accident 5. Policy a ) Effective day of the month B ) Cancellation day of the month degree Celsius ) Cancellation ground vitamin D ) Effective day of the month vitamin E ) Expiration informations 6. Policy Holder a ) Street reference B ) City degree Celsius ) State vitamin D ) Zip Code vitamin E ) Birth day of the month degree Fahrenheit ) Drivers License Number g ) Employer H ) Gender I ) Home Phone figure J ) Marital Status K ) Name cubic decimeter ) Number m ) Occupation N ) Work Phone Number O ) Discount P ) Policy Number Q ) Policy Officer Badge figure R ) Policy Officer name s ) Policy Rejected Date T ) Policy Rejected Reason u ) Policy type V ) Reason for cancellation tungsten ) Time of Accident 7. Vehicle a ) VIN figure B ) Vehicle Type ( make + theoretical account + manner ) degree Celsius ) Weather conditions vitamin D ) Particular coverage Data Model Narrative A Policy Holder and Policy are the cardinal information of the informations theoretical account. From these entities, come critical information to do the informations relationships valid. These entities are the parent of the information construction. Inputs and end products are generated from these entities. Consequently, the context of these entities must be analyzed exhaustively to avoid the inadvertence of of import information. The information survey of these two entities should besides ensue an extended survey of the technological terminal to place the most efficient, secured and controlled systems environment. From the Policy Holder point of view, a one to many informations relationship is produced within Claims, Vehicle and Policy. The Claims, Vehicle and Policy have # 8220 ; kids # 8221 ; or subset entities associating to them. The Claims entity requires a one to may relationship to Estimates which is harmonizing to the company policy of O.K.ing claims. Likewise, a policy holder can hold one to many claims and zero to many vehicle for which to buy coverage for. A policy holder besides has a pick of a assortment of insurance coverages. This so creates a one to many relationship between the Policy Holder and Policy. From the Policy point of view, a likely point that a policy produces is an Invoice. To command the indexing and proper history pattern, an execution of one to one is suggested. An Agent is besides an identified dependant to a Policy information where a policy is handled by a peculiar agent. Obviously, an agent has the ability to bring forth many policies, therefore the relationship of one to many is implemented. Our squad has completed the 3rd stage of the systems reconstructing undertaking. This stage covers the Information Process Modeling for your company. You will happen included in this memo: 1 ) Decomposition diagram, 2 ) Context Diagram and 3 ) Data flow diagram. The diagrams depict how your informations will be structured and their procedures. The Decomposition diagram dissects your company? s information procedure into smaller subsystems, which farther are divided into subsystems. The Context diagram illustrates and outlines the system, it hopes to give you a range and boundaries for the system. The Data Flow diagram illustrates the full input and end product procedure. While the diagrams illustrates the procedure and the range of the undertaking, the narration will explicate the procedure in layperson? s footings. Please make non waver to name me should you hold any inquiries, remarks or concerns. Sincerely, Narrative This certification consists of three diagrams: the Decomposition diagram, the Context Diagram and the Data flow diagram. The Decomposition diagram, through its term, is self-explanatory. It decomposes a system into different subsystems so that it simplifies the procedure and updates the assorted minutess and informations. In our reappraisal, the Big Wheel systems is divided into two subsystems: Policy and Claims. This makes the undertaking less complicated for Big Wheel to place and treat the assorted claims related to matching policies. Policy and Claims subsystems are farther divided into four subsystems: Transaction Process, Management Process, Decision Process, and Data Maintenance. The Transaction Process, under Policy, is subdivided into Insurance Policy Application, Insurance Policy Payment, Insurance Policy Modification and Insurance Policy Cancellation. The Management study is divided into: item study, drumhead study, exception study and query study. The Detail Report has fo ur divisions: policy maestro listing, invoice maestro listing, policyholder maestro listing, agent maestro listing. The drumhead study is broken into: policies by agent, bill by agent, policies by vehicle type. The exclusion study is broken into: policy bill past due, jilted policy application, and cancelled policy. The query study is divided into: policy question, bills for a policy, policy payment question, and policyholder question. The Claim subsystems dealing procedure consists of informations from the Policyholder. Since direction coverage under Claims is limited, it consists of chiefly Claims studies and questions. Claims studies and questions are farther divided into: claim maestro listing, claim by policy, claim by vehicle type, rejected claim, claims without estimation, claims against a policy question, estimation for a claim question and claim payment question. The Context Diagram besides is defined by its term. It consists of context of the full system. In our instance, the context diagram shows that Potential Policyholder or the applicant applies for a policy. Large Wheel accepts the application shops it and sends a petition to DMV for confirmation of the proprietor. Depending on the response of DMV, it accepts or declines the policy consequently. Similar types of petition sing accidents and other record of applier are sent to the Police section and harmonizing to their response, the policy coverage and credence are processed. The information flow diagram is an expanded version of the context diagram. The information flow diagram illustrates how the information flow throughout the system, from the input and end product of the procedure. In our reappraisal, we identify three procedures: Application procedure, Policy alteration and cancellation procedure and the Claims procedure. The Application procedure is where the applications are processed through the confirmations from the DMV and the Police Department. The Policy alteration and cancellation consists of verifying if the policyholder and the policy. A refund or balance due is calculated and either a refund or an bill is sent to the policyholder and the policy is modified or cancelled. The Claims procedure is more involved as compared to the other two procedures. It consists of accepting a claim application, verifying it against the policy and so the processing of the claim. If the claim matches the coverage of the policy, so the claim is processed other wise it is rejected. If an accident is reported in the claim, the study is sent to the Police Department for their reappraisal. Should the policyholder be at mistake in the accident, so the claim is paid and the policy is updated to reflect an addition rate for the following bill. # 4 The location connectivity diagram reflects the web construction to its basic signifier. The cardinal headquarter lodging the freshly created Information Systems section will keep and administer the overall web operations. As described, each location will be runing within its ain Local Area Network connected over the Wide Area Network. Each office will hold its ain chief waiters and hubs connected over a gigabit connexion. The connexion between a user and the waiter under the client-server environment will be connected on 10/100 M wiring. The anchor wiring the full WAN, for ensured velocity and uninterrupted informations flow, will be over an ATM ( Asynchronous Transfer Mode ) wiring. The Policy and Claims database for the full company will be on Oracle waiters located centrally. There will besides be an Oracle waiter dedicated for the Payroll section located at the Waterloo office. The cardinal database will be compatible to the Department of Vehicle? s database waiter. This will rel ieve any transmittal jobs caused by mutual exclusivenesss. In the headquarter office, there will be a Distant Server authenticating the nomadic Insurance Agents. There will be an Intranet environment to back up these telecommuters. Likewise the cardinal database will be compatible to the web enabled front-end application for which the agents will utilize. Bibliography None.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
Child Adoption In England And Finland Social Policy Essay Essays Child Adoption In England And Finland Social Policy Essay Essay Child Adoption In England And Finland Social Policy Essay Essay This essay attempts to light the differences and similarities in issues related to child acceptance in England and Finland while offering an scrutiny into the contexts in which societal workers and associated professionals have to work. While both England and Finland are provinces within the European Union ( EU ) , they demonstrate distinguishable and differing attacks to the acceptance of kids. In Finland along with other states in Scandinavia, kid acceptance and the lasting transportation of parental rights is less of a cardinal a concern, or worry than presently so in England where kid acceptance is featured conspicuously across a scope of professional, political and popular discourses. In footings of societal work pattern the engagement of kids and households, coupled with certain factors of the acceptance procedure have been handled in a clearly different manner between the two states. This can be seen where in Finland grownup adoptees were allowed to derive entree to records si ng their acceptance or their birth parents far earlier than their English opposite numbers where this was non allowable until much subsequently earlier through the Children Act 1975 ( Triseliotis, 1973, p. 1 ) . Harmonizing to Lowe ( 2000 ) in the late-nineteenth century efforts were made to present acceptance, but it was non until 1927, subsequent to the Adoption of Children Act 1926, that child acceptance became lawfully recognised in England. Since so many factors including ; studies, statute law and instance jurisprudence have all had an impact, this has resulted in refined policy and alterations in societal work pattern. More late media attending has illustrated societal workers alleged defects in relation to child acceptance procedures. In recent old ages, acceptance policy has been influenced by a figure of socio-cultural and political factors. During the Conservative authorities of the 1990s politicians and policy shapers made efforts inefficaciously to reconstitute what were viewed as unsatisfactory acceptance processs ( see PIU, 2000, p. 31 ) . These services were impaired because societal workers were driven by political rightness ( Hopton, 1997 ) . The white paper Adoption: The Future was published In November 1993, stand foring a common sense attack to acceptance ( Department of Health, 1993 ) . In 1996, the DoH published a Draft Bill with an accent placed on child acceptance as an option to individual parentage during the audience period. The Bill failed to come on any farther due to the General Election in May 1997. With a alteration in authorities, the so Prime Minister s ( Tony Blair ) Review of Adoption was published in 2000 ( PIU, 2000 ) . Followed by a White Paper, Adoption: A New Approach ( Departme nt of Health, 2000 ) , which was followed by the publication of the Adoption and Children Bill in 2001. The Bill failed to happen due to the General Election subsequently in the same twelvemonth. It was nevertheless re-introduced in October 2001 and the Adoption and Children Act received royal acquiescence in November 2002. The first Adoption of Children Act in Finland was in 1925, a twelvemonth earlier than the English equivalent. The present Finnish Adoption Act stems from 1985 followed by an extra Adoption opinion in 1997 which dealt specifically with acceptance guidance and inter-country acceptances. Specific to Finnish acceptance system is the function of Save the Children originally created in 1945 following the meeting of two old administrations ( Homes for Homeless Children which were practising acceptance since 1922 and Save Finland s Children, which was set up after the Second World War in an effort to assist orphaned kids ) . This administration is now portion of the International Save the Children. Salvage the Children has had an influential place as a supplier of acceptance services in Finland. In add-on to civic public assistance organic structures, Save the Children is still the lone private kid public assistance administration in Finland licensed to supply acceptance guidance ( Pylkkanen 1995 ) In Finland, acceptances have dramatically changed during the last 30 old ages, in 1970, 243 Finnish kids were adopted through Save the Children . Over the last few old ages this has decreased to less than 50. Partially as abortion became more freely available following the Abortion Act of 1970 ; the figure of unplanned kids born to immature individual female parents fell. ( Garrett, 2003 p.21 ) . England excessively has seen a lessening in acceptances, ( PIU, 2000, p.10 ) This may be attributed to the rise in usage of the preventive pill and the credence of individual female parents. Harmonizing to Lowe ( 2000 ) The largest diminution is in regard of babes ( kids under the age of 12 months ) put up for acceptance ; in 1968, 12,641 babes were adopted ( 51 % of all acceptances ) , but merely 195 babes were adopted in 1998 ( merely 4 % of all acceptances ) Harmonizing to Bennett ( 2009 ) Merely 4,637 kids were adopted in 2007, the lowest figure since 1999. In both provinces, acceptance is far more likely to affect kids in public care-or looked after kids ( In England under the Children Act 1989 ) who are older, are child protection concerns, or have disablements ( DoH, 1998 ) . This is in portion due to the fact that there are really few healthy babes available for acceptance. In England there are about 60,000 kids looked after . ( Department for Children, Schools and Families ( DCSF ) , 2007 ) . 62 % of these kids were removed, on a mandatory footing, from their household. Approximately 1 % of all kids under 18 old ages live in Foster attention, with approximately 48 % in household Foster attention, 40 % are in children s places , and the staying 12 % in new formats of household professional attention ( Kalland A ; Sinkkonen, 2001 ) . In July of this twelvemonth these statistics were even worse harmonizing to beginnings obtained by Bennett ( 2009 ) who claimed that this figure was now about three quarters of all acceptances, sh e agrees with the concluding behind the remotion of kids form their households saying The addition in intoxicant and drug maltreatment among parents is besides a turning factor in attention proceedings, with parents frequently being given several opportunities to interrupt their wont before kids are removed. It may perchance be argued that many of those kids in long-run arrangements should and likely could be adopted, but this is non the overruling position of Finnish society, so the dominant position is that of household saving. Several subscribers portion the sentiment that kids s best involvements are met when every attempt is made to maintain the household together. If surrogate attention is needed, it should ever be of limited continuance ( Garrett, 2003 ) . These positions echo FOX HARDING CHECK WHICH PERSPECTIVE AND MENTION Many of these Finnish kids in long-run Foster attention could hold been adopted if they lived in England. Obviously, foster attention makes it possible for kids to maintain some contact with their birth household. Unfortunately, this is non ever advantageous for the kid because of the terrible troubles including both psychological and behavioural of some parents ( Quinton et al. , 1997 ) . The arrangement faces the hazard of dislocation where the birth parents have sufficiently dealt or recovered from their troubles, and desire to be a complete household with the return of their kid. This may be successful, but may besides be ephemeral ensuing in eternal short-run arrangements. This will hold an inauspicious consequence destructing the kid s ability to organize any meaningful fond regards in maturity. Adoption would offer the kid an chance to organize a stable relationship but this would cut the connexions with the birth household. In Finland acceptance against the will of the natura l parents is far from the norm. As a consequence, there are really few contested acceptances. Harmonizing to the Finnish Adoption Act, the consent of both biological parents is needed before the acceptance can take topographic point. It should be noted that there are two exclusions to this ; foremost, acceptance can be granted if it is believed that the acceptance is decidedly in the best involvements of the kid and the refusal of consent of the parents is non appropriately justified, secondly, the parents can non logically show their will due to illness or disablement, or if their whereabouts are unknown. Additionally the female parent s consent is merely accepted after she has recovered from the birth ( no earlier than eight hebdomads ) . In Finland the feelings and desires of the kid are taken into history, this is harmonizing to the age and degree of adulthood. If the kid is 12 or older, their sentiments must be taken into history. In recent old ages England has evolved a grade of openness in the acceptance procedure ( DoH, 1999, Ch. 5 ) . This is because traditionally in England, the acceptance of kids resulted in the cutting off of the relationship with the birth female parent and birth household. The developments in this country have been provoked through professionals whose sentiment that openness is of import for the mental wellness and identity demands of adoptees ( Kirton, 2000, p. 108 ) . The ability for English adoptees and their household to derive entree to records is comparatively recent, in fact every bit recent as 1973 Scotland and Finland were the lone states in the Western universe where an adopted individual could obtain information from official records that could assist them follow their original parents Triseliotis ( 1973, p. 1 ) . The move off from high degrees of secretiveness can besides be attributed to adoptees who wanted to happen birth relations ( Campbell et al. , 1991 ) , birth female parents besides campaigned for larger degrees of openness in acceptance in England ( Logan, 1996 ) . These actions coupled with the Natural Parents Support Group , an administration of birth female parents, who lobbied the UK parliament for a public enquiry into the unfairnesss which occurred through the mass acceptance in the 1950s and 1960s ( Rickford, 2000, Fink, 2000 ) . The Children Act 1975 gave adopted people over the age of 18 old ages the right to use for entree to their original birth certifications. The recent openness has enabled in some cases, contact agreements between the kid and birth household after the acceptance has taken topographic point ( Lowe, 2000, p. 326-329 ) . The Adoption Act 1976 amended by the Children Act 1989, made it compulsory for the Registrar General to put up an Adoption Contact Register in an effort to do it possible for adoptive people to reach their birth parents and other birth relations. It the sentiment of Hughes A ; Logan ( 19 95 ) that these steps are in portion due to the increasing consciousness of the importance of post-adoption services. The position in Finland nevertheless has been far more unfastened so ; Salvage the Children has mediated between the adopted kid and biological parents since the 1960s. It should be mentioned that big proportions of adoptive people in Finland still do non wish to seek contact with their original households, normally those that felt letdown about being adopted inn the first case ( Garrett 2003 ) . This all means that while the recent thrust toward acceptance being more open is evidently of import, it must be recognised that openness is non simple or straightforward. Kalland et Al. ( 2001 ) shows that mortality rates in Finland for both sexes on the child public assistance register are in extra compared with the general population. Another Finnish survey showed aggressive behavior, delinquency and attending jobs were associated with kids and striplings in kids s places and that kids may besides be at hazard of sexual maltreatment in these places with the individual responsible for the act frequently being an older stripling ( Hukkanen et al. , 1999 ) . What is of import though is, none of these negative cases can be wholly attributed to hapless quality or damaging attention that kids get whilst in public attention. Numerous kids arrive in these establishments already enduring from been extremely traumatised in some instances due to parental dependences. In short, it is non merely the looked-after experience which leads to hapless results. Whereas in contrast concerns about the poor results of kids who are looked after ( Parker et al. , 1991 ) in England such as ; uneffective wellness proviso available for looked after kids ( Butler A ; Payne, 1997 ) , hapless degrees of educational accomplishment ( Aldgate et al. , 1993, Fletcher-Campbell, 1998 ) , the intimidation that takes topographic point in care scenes, the high gestation rates amongst adolescents in care in 2007 there were 360 female parents aged 12 and over who were looked after , an addition of 15 per cent from the old twelvemonth, ( Corlyn A ; McGuire, 1998, DCSF, 2007 ) , the disappointingly high figure of moves from care environment to care environment ( Sone, 1997 ) , and the deficiency of readying for those leaving attention , and hapless after-care support ( Biehal et al. , 1995 ) has led to the English acceptance system doing sweeping reform In July 2000 the so Prime Minister, Tony Blair published the authoritiess Review of Adoption which contained over 80 recommendations. Four of these recommendations focused on programs to ; develop and implement a National Adoption Register , pulling up of new National Standards for local governments to follow, the puting up of an Adoption and Permanency Taskforce to advance best pattern and challenge hapless public presentation, and carry oning a rapid examination of the backlog of kids that were waiting to be adopted ( PIU, 2000, p.4 ) .This was followed in December 2000, with the White Paper, Adoption-A New Approach . The purpose of set uping a National Adoption Register and an Adoption and Permanency Taskforce were once more set out. A national mark was to be set with the purpose of increasing the figure of looked after kids adopted. Other procedures highlighted in the audience paper integrated within the program were to present new National Standards for councils and acceptance bureaus. To implement these criterions, powers were put in topographic point emergency reviews and special steps to cover with debatable service suppliers. Other programs included, timescales for kids enabling a sound program for their lasting hereafter, this would be made within six months of their starting to be continuously looked after. When the determination was made that acceptance was to take topographic point, a new household should be found within a farther six months. In an effort to help adoptive parents new programs to back up them were briefly set out. Other important steps included: a new legislative option, called special care , this would supply a sense of stableness for the kid, but fall short of legal separation from their birth parents. Unlike England there is no National Adoption Register and there are no programs to develop and implement one in Finland, a National Register nevertheless, could perchance assist in progressing research and pattern in a Finnish model. Likewise an Adoption and Permanency Taskforce similar to that of England would be welcomed by many in Finland. Finland s parliament nevertheless, have this twelvemonth voted to give people in same-sex twosomes who are registered in an official partnership the legal right to follow the naturally-born kid of their spouse. ( Finnsson, 2009 ) No farther programs to rush up acceptances of looked after kids are planned. This is, possibly, because as suggested earlier of the dominant place Fox Harding once more which places an accent on household saving services. There are really few Finnish waiting to be adopted. There are nevertheless in contrast, 100s of twosomes waiting to follow a kid. There has been some treatment in the media about the intense defeat of these twosomes. It may take four or five old ages to hold a kid adopted. This has raised the impression of an acceptance industry which is fed by the kid protection system, Unfortunately, in many instances, the accent has changed from the desire to supply a destitute kid with a place to that of supplying a destitute parent with a kid. As a c onsequence, a whole industry has grown, bring forthing 1000000s of dollars of grosss each twelvemonth, seeking babes for acceptance and bear downing prospective parents tremendous fees to treat paperwork. ( Pragnell, 2008 ) It is besides his position that the involvements of the kid are now the cause of atrociousnesss committed against kids and parents by unthreatening and well-meaning employees of province and related bureaus but whose Acts of the Apostless are taking to immense enduring for kids.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Support an Issue - Assignment Example Moreover, I will also demonstrate how technology eases learning processes in the classrooms. There is need for technology to be integrated the K-12 education system to facilitate a higher order capacity of thinking such as both critical and independent thoughts and the improved level of motivation in learning. This paper summarizes the intensive contribution of technology in the sector of education amongst schools in the United States of America. Introduction Over the last two decades, the education sector has experienced quick advancements in technology. Looking back 30 years ago, application of computers in the classroom was not a common phenomenon let alone in homes. A student harboring a thought of using common text editors like word processor was the weirdest thing ever in recent times. Today, students have been in cooperated into the digital world making the education system to be interesting and informative (Goldin, & Katz, 2008). According to sources, digital world is the con temporary world whereby people employ technology in day to day activities to achieve set objectives. In banking industry for instance, computer program application has been employed to facilitate transactions, processing of cheques and general management of braches through the distributed system platform. Consequently, learning institutions have realized that technology contributes highly on academic success and it also eases delivery of academic knowledge to students. Technology is beneficial in schools since it serves the need of disabled learners, remote areas and also facilitates e-learning curriculum (Goldin, & Katz, 2008). Computers have stimulated activities In learning by assisting the students to develop high thinking capacity. Historically, technological deployment has been linked correlated between inventions and communication with the advancement in the K-12 system of education. E -learning at all level of education is rated among the latest technological advancement in contemporary world with benefit both teachers and learners. Recent applications in the education system a growing populace of learners through the internet have posed to be quite a challenge to teachers because they have to adapt to the ever changing technology. Computers have an in cooperated unique ability to enable class multimedia presentation and also enhance instructor-student communication through online instruction format. Scholars show optimism that the rapid advancement in technology will enhance quality education delivery in years to come ((Goldin, & Katz, 2008).). Positive effect on academic excellence Academic success is traditionally measured in terms of achieving good grades among students in learning institutions. Since the bill of Ã¢â¬Å"No child left behindÃ¢â¬ enactment in The United States of America, teachers have a moral obligation of ensuring that student from all walks of lives excel in their academic work. Technology plays a fundamental role in enabling s uccess and facilitating learning. According to researchers conducted recently, computer simulation and Instructional Leaning systems (ILS) facilitate issuing of instruction by educators to students (Goldin, & Katz, 2008). A recent by Stamford IT research center reported that learners whose educators employ technology attain higher grades as compared to those